Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder common among women of reproductive age. Being overweight is one of the risk factors of the condition, as it causes insulin resistance and abnormal level of hormone. Polycystic ovary syndrome is common in women of childbearing age, 25-35 years. If left untreated, PCOS can lead to infertility, endometrial hyperplasia, and cancer of the uterine lining (endometrial cancer).
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common health problem caused by an imbalance of reproductive hormones. The hormonal imbalance causes the ovaries to develop numerous small collections of fluid and fail to regularly release eggs. With PCOS, the egg may not develop as it should or it may not be released during ovulation as it should be. The exact cause of PCOS is unknown, but it often runs in families. It is related to abnormal hormone levels in the body and abnormality of multiple system in the body such as pituitary gland, ovaries, and adrenal gland.
Obesity leads to abnormal estrogen hormone production especially in people with excess belly fat. Fat cells produce extra estrogen and this can affect your ovaries and their ability to ovulate. Women with PCOS may have infrequent or prolonged menstrual periods.
See your doctor if you have these symptoms.
Complications of PCOS can include:
PCOS is the most common hormonal disorder in women of childbearing age and can lead to issues with fertility. Most women at some point have to struggle with weight gain. However, for women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), losing weight can become a constant struggle. For obese women, it is best to consult a doctor for a proper management such as medications and bariatric surgery.
Reference: Dr. Suthep Udomsawaengsup, laparoscopic and bariatric surgeon, Bariatric surgery center, Bangkok hospital